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Terrorism in Kashmir Ė India
India is fighting the terrorists in kashmir since 1989. Pakistan fought three war on kashmir- 1947-48, 65, 1971. but his every attempt to snatch kashmir from india become futile. Pakistan army understood the edge of indian army over pakistan army in conventional warfare. So change their modus operandi and wage proxy war against india. Pakistan support, trained and financed the local kashmiri youth for jihad against india.
In 1990 Jammu Kashmir Liberation Front (JKLF) terrorist group launch the terrorist activities in kashmir. JKLF attacked the indian army, para millitary groups and minority community hindu. They were demanding the freedom from india and declare kashmir as independent nation. JKLF terrorist group mostly comprises local kashmiri muslim. There agenda was to liberate the kashmir. During the period from 1990 to 1992 terrorist group created independent area in kashmir region like batmallo, sopore, kupwara, pulwama, anantnag where even india troops canít enter. During that period it viewed to pakistan that kashmir is in their hand. But they were wrong, indian army, para millitary force fought these terrorists.
Then in 1993 Indian Govt raised the Rashtriya Rifles, an elite army unit created exclusively for counter insurgency operations in Kashmir valley. That was turning point in counter insurgency operation in Kashmir. Pakistan also raised many terrorist factions to counter the monopoly of JKLF group which was demanding Kashmir as independent nation rather than joined Pakistan. So many terrorist factions were trained and supported by Pakistan like Harkat ul-Mujahedeen, Jaish-e-Muhammad, Lashkar-e-Taiba. Even Lashkar-e-Taiba divided into two faction al-Mansurin and al-Nasirin. These groups philiosphy was to merge the kashmir in pakistan.
During 1993 to 1995 terrorist groups were fighting each other. Indian army and para military forces launch operations against terrorist groups. Even Special task force and special operation group was raised by jammmu kashmir govt to fight the kashmir terrorist. During these period local support to terrorist group was diminshing. Terroist groups were avoiding the direct encounter with security forces. Now their strategy is to use the Improvised Explosive Device (IED) and launch grenade attack.
Kashmir millitancy phase from 1995 to now comprises mostly foreign terrorists from afghanistan, pakistan etc. They were funded, armed and trained by pakistan and pushed into the indian kashmir for jihad against indian army. These foreigner mercenaries or terrorist get monthy salary and even lump sum payment to there family on death, so called martayr. These foreigner mercenaries launch fidayeen or suicidal attack on the security forces for maximum damage. These tactics used to boost the morale the new recruit terrorists.
Now terrorists group have low morale and so called jihad is vanishing from the Kashmir. Even Kargil intrusion in 1999 was launched by Pakistan army to raise the Kashmir conflict in the international community. This shows that Pakistan and terrorists have low self esteem and confidence in their jihad. So far 90,000 lives were lost in terrorism in Kashmir.
Can Indian sub-continent afford another partition like 1947?
So, if you want to find out more about Kashmir terrorists or especially about jihad in Kashmir that Indian army is facing. You should read books on Kashmir written by col. M.S Jaswal
About the Author: Jennifer Taylor is the expert on kashmir affairs and want to share her views with others. She is interested in India Pakistan Relations,Kashmir Terrorism, kashmir conflict, indo pak wars and kashmir history.