Prevention and treatment of sinus infections
Sinusitis, like colds and flues, cannot be entirely prevented but there are ways of making it easier to bare and control. The body’s resistance to infections increases if you get enough rest. Physical exercises and follow an equilibrate diet; also the number of sinusitis attacks get lower and the risk of chronic sinusitis decreases.
Pollution and environmental factors cannot always be successfully eliminated but they can surely be controlled.
Patients with sinusitis feel better when having humidifiers in the room; also filters attached to the air conditioning systems can fight allergens, primer causes in allergic sinusitis.
Persons known with sinus damages and susceptibility to infections must avoid all air pollutants, smoke and especially cigarette smoking. Alcohol produces a similar allergic reaction with inflammation of the membranes.
People susceptible to sinus diseases must also avoid swimming pools if treated with chlorine as this chemical compound produces sinus and nasal irritation. While diving, water can get inside the sinuses from the nasal passages with high pressure; inflammation and infections might occur due to the fact.
While flying on an airplane, small amounts of air trapped inside the body enlarge when the air pressure lowers. The high pressurized air bubble can obstruct the sinuses or the Eustachian tube in the ears. This can create discomfort while taking off or while the plane is landing but it can be avoided by using nasal sprays, drops and inhalers to ease the obstruction.
Sinusitis can be in connection to pollen, mold or dust but a doctor must be asked so you can be sure what you must avoid to prevent and treat sinusitis attacks. Allergens can trigger severe respiratory reactions; some of them like the anaphylactic shock can be life-threatening.
In case of failing of all tried treatments, oral steroids like prednisone can be prescribed for the cure and control of chronic sinusitis. Steroids must be looked at as last resort treatment as they produce many important side-effects.
There are very few home remedies for sinusitis, but inhalation of steams seems to be one of them and a very good one. Breathing 3-4 times a day vapors from a cup with hot tea will sometimes ease the discomfort. Saline products used as nasal sprays, hot local compresses and an electric heater on the inflamed area might lessen the pain sensation.
An otorhinolaringologist can use another more effective method to help drainage of the sinuses. The patient must lay down while the doctor releases the air from the sinuses by introducing a decongestive substance.
Sometimes the only efficient method is surgical treatment of removing adenoid structures and polyps. Repairing the congenital septum deviation might be also helpful in freeing the passages. The intervention is called functional endoscopic sinus surgery and the natural openings are enlarged in order to ease drainage.
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