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Endocarditis -Definition, Causes, Symptoms and Treatment
Endocarditis - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment
Endocarditis is known as an infection of the endocardial area of the heart, which is an uncommon but not rare disease.The most common structures include are the heart valves. Endocarditis can be describe into two categories are native valve acute & subacute endocarditis,prosthetic valve endocarditis,depending on whether a micro organism is the source of the problem. The organisms streptococci "strep", staphylococci "staph", or pneumococci or gonococci or species of bacteria that generally exist on body surfaces are the main source of it. It is mostly caused by bacteria. Rarely, can be caused by fungi or some other kind of organisms.
Endocarditis is an infection of the inner region of the heart or the heart valves produced by bacteria generally found in the intestinal tract or urinary tract and mouth.Endocarditis appears when infectious organisms, such as bacteria or fungi, enter the blood stream and reside in the heart.Whch lead to a serious symptoms that needs prolonged treatment and on occasion causes injury to the heart or even death.
Some bacteria generally exist on various parts of the body, such as the mouth & upper respiratory system, the intestinal tract or urinary tract, and the skin. Some surgical & dental methods, intravenous drug use, cardiac categorization and other invasive procedures, cuts, bruises and minor surgical procedures result a bacteremia. Bacteremia is common after many incursive procedures, but only some bacteria commonly cause endocarditis.Bacterial endocarditis appears when bacteria in the bloodstream accommodate on abnormal heart valves or other damaged heart tissue.
Once the bacteria infect the inner region of the heart, they keep on to multiply producing large particles called vegetation that may then break off and move to the lungs, brain, kidneys and skin. They go on with a particular infection may also seriously damage the heart valve on which the vegetation's have developed.
Symptoms of acute endocarditis include such as blood in the urine ,small broken blood vessels on the palms and soles of the feet,cough,red painful nodes in the pads of the fingers & toes ,paleness ,nail abnormalities,abnormal urine color , low appetite.
If severe heart damage results shock, the person may collapse suddenly, have a acute pulse and have pale, cool skin.
Symptoms of endocarditis include such as:
High dose antibiotics are usually prescribed for patients at risk for developing endocarditis. A person is most at risk when undergoing those dental or surgical procedures most likely to cause bacteremia with organisms that commonly result endocarditis.
Hospitalization is generally needed initially to administer intravenous antibiotics. Continual antibiotic treatment is required to cure the bacteria from the heart chambers and valves,Typically two to six weeks.
surgery to replace the affected heart valve is generally needed,If heart failure causes as a result of damaged heart valves, or if the infection is breaking off in little pieces, resulting in a series of strokes, or there is evidence of organ damage.
About the Author: Steve Mathew is a writer, who writes many great articles on conditions, diseases and various other ailments. For more information on endocarditis, visit http://www.health-diseases.org.