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General information about the treatment in sinusitis
Sinus infections are generally cured by medicational means as well as by applying warmed up compresses on your face at home. The expected goals of the treatment are:
1. To relieve the pain and the pressure the patient feels.
2. Reduce sinus inflammation and ease mucus drainage
3. Eliminate the infection
4. Avoid symptoms from becoming persistent and protect the membranes of nose and sinuses
Medication treatment in sinusitis is especially prescribed in case of sinus infections with bacteria. The cure can last for several days or get to a few weeks depending on severity of the symptoms. Best results were achieved after using a combination of more medications.
Antibiotics are given to combat the bacterial infection; an antibiotic with good results has proven to be Amoxicillin. Stopping the pains is mostly achieved with analgesics like ibuprofen or acetaminophen. The inflammation of the sinus and nose membranes is reduced by administrating nasal decongestants such as pseudo ephedrine hydrochloride. Thickened mucus will also cause a series of problems; making it thinner is done through mucolytics. Corticosteroids in form of nasal sprays, containing prednisone, are most indicated for reducing inflammation in the nasal passages.
According to the latest studies, best results in medication have been touched by administering local inhaled antibiotics.
The cases of sinus infection lasting less than 3 weeks are diagnosed as acute sinusitis and usually are easy to treat. Because of side-effects like becoming resistant, stomach aches or diarrhea, antibiotics must be prescribed only is case of absolute certainty that the infection can be treated with antibiotics. Many cases of sinus disease are caused by germs and viruses that donít respond to antibiotherapy.
If you recognize sinusitis symptoms, stem inhalation from the early stages might help you cure it faster and without antibiotics. Though, sinusitis caused by bacteria should be treated by a cure of 5-10 days with antibiotics; suspending the administration of drugs before term can make germs resistant to treatment and worsen the infection. If symptoms persist or modify during treatment the doctor could prescribe you a higher dose or a different kind of antibiotic. Some 5-10% of sinusitis episodes do not respond to ant biotical cure.
Chronic sinusitis requires a longer period of antibiotherapy combined with a nasal corticosteroid decongestant.
Sinus infections in people with a weaken immune system can be caused by atypical bacteria, viruses or fungus. These are rebel cases as they do not respond to current therapy and fungal or corticosteroid medication or even surgery can be necessary. Surgery is sometimes the last resort, when symptoms become permanent and unbearable and no treatment is efficient.
Diagnosing and treating sinusitis might take longer, as symptoms are assembling to those of a regular cold and the certainty of sinus infection especially in children may be difficult. If you suspect sinusitis in you or your child start home treatment immediately and see a specialist.
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