Observing and treating sinus infections
The human nose is the first external filter of the through nasal passages and sinus cavities incoming air. The lining connecting nasal passages and sinus cavities contains a so called cilliar layer, a hair like cell extremity with the role of catching fluids and bacteria and draining them into the nasal passage.
Because of air pollution and different kind of allergies affecting the human body, the ciliar activity is slowed down and doesn’t get to eliminate all the incoming damaging particles. These remaining pieces get stuck in the sinus cavities causing inflammation and infection.
This respiratory disorder affects the entire state of the body’s health and therefore must be efficiently and as soon as possible treated. A right medication given at the right time can highly increase the patients comfort and hasten the healing process.
The sinus infection has several treatment methods that must be adapted to every patient’s personal needs. If properly treated in the hospital as well as in home care, the risk of relapse number and the severity control can be easily deled with. Most important treatment targets are minimizing the inflammation in the sinuses and in nasal passages, combating the infection, keeping the sinuses open and permitting the sinus drainage.
The allergies play an important role in sinus infections, together with an exaggerate number of viruses and bacteria; the cills cannot face an overwhelming situation and cannot eliminate the high amount of damaging particles. Also allergies are known to lead to a suppression of the immune system, enabling the infection to localize in the sinuses.
The mucous inflammation in the nose and sinuses impede the drainage of foreign particles and the pressure in the sinus cavity increases giving the patient major headaches. That is why a beneficent medication must reduce the inflammation and free the respiratory ways. Such medication is the use of liquid or tablet-nasal decongestants and nasal sprays. Important drug producing brands assure an easier administration as the drugs are more expensive but also more efficient. The release of the active products contained is slower and therefore the administration can be rarer.
Generics are less expensive drugs and must be administered more frequently but the dense use of them can cause resistance and lower efficiency.
Usually nasal sprays are more effective than oral decongestants as they are topic administered on the ill area but on long-term period their efficiency is not so high.
Medications for washing out bacteria from the respiratory in sinus system are approachable as well.
Patients undergoing home care must understand a good hydration is everything; they must drink high amounts of water and herbal teas. A 2-4 times a day inhalation of steam will also be helpful by hydrating and soaking the mucosa. The procedure is easy: boil mentholated products in a bowl, cover your head with a towel and for about 10 minutes breathe in the outgoing steam.
For the patients undergoing all sorts of medications and ant biotherapies without success, the only way for cure might be surgery. By surgical means the infection is annihilated, the nasal passages are cleared and the drainage is lightened.
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