Facts about ringworm
Ringworm is a contagious disease that affects the skin and scalp usually. It can also affect only the skin on the feet, in which case it's called athlete's foot, or the groin, when it's named jock itch. It is caused by a fungus that can grow directly on the skin. Different forms of fungal skin infections are very spread especially in warm climates. More children then adults have ringworm but adults can get it as easy as children if they involve in physical contact with an infected person, or with an infected animal, because animals can carry it too, especially cats.
Among the ringworm symptoms the most common is the appearance of several red itchy patches on the skin. The color intensity of the patches can vary from a lighter red to a brighter red and they take the form of rings, hence the name ringworm. The affected areas are itchy.
If the infected zone is covered by hair then that hair will fall down and bald patches will appear.
Ringworm can be diagnosed by doctors simply by looking at the infected areas, but they usually take a tissue sample from the skin surface to make sure.
The treatment for ringworm is done with the help of certain medication called anti-fungal drugs. These usually come in the form of ointments, and must be administered strictly, in order to eliminate the infection and prevent it from returning. When the ringworm has spread to many areas of the skin the doctors prescribe anti-fungal pills that are much stronger. If the rash is left untreated and eats through the skin and reaches the blood you may have to take antibiotics.
The complications that ring worm can cause are skin infections when it starts to spread to other places.
If the area where you work or live is infected with the ringworm bacteria then you can prevent getting an infection by washing your skin often, avoiding to touch things that are touched by many other people and wear loose clothing.
In conclusion ring worm is a disease that must be prevented and treated as soon as it shows its first signs and before it spreads to other areas of the body and infects them too, or especially before reaching the blood. So consult your doctor for the appropriate ointments as soon as you suspect that you have ringworm or when your friends or relatives have it.
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