Commercial Mortgage Overview
At present, commercial mortgages are the ideal way to finance the development of businesses, as they provide flexible and affordable financing solutions. For businesses confronted with severe financial difficulties, commercial mortgages are the best way to avoid bankruptcy and to re-achieve stability in the market; for growing businesses, commercial mortgages are perfect for financing business changes and improvements. Commercial mortgages can be used for a variety of purposes, such as: the purchase of business premises expansion, residential and commercial investment, property development, meeting the lenders’ criteria, etc.
Commercial mortgages basically refer to loans made using real estate properties as guarantee for repayment. Although commercial mortgages have similarities with residential mortgages, in the case of commercial loans the collateral (the security pledged for the repayment of the loan) is a type of commercial building or a business real estate, not a type of residential property. Consequently, commercial mortgage deals are generally closed by businesses, not individuals, and unlike in the case of residential mortgages, borrowers have to present with solid credibility and creditworthiness in order to receive a substantial loan.
The terms and conditions of commercial mortgages greatly vary from a regional perspective; for instance, commercial mortgage policies in the United States differ from those closed in the UK in aspects such as the length of the loan, the length of time allowed until balloon payment (total payoff of the loan) and so on. However, the most pronounced variations of commercial mortgages are in areas such as interest rates, which are established by the local market.
In order to get the most out of a commercial mortgage, it is crucial to pay the right attention to interest rates, the duration of the loan and the repayment schedule stipulated in the contract (these are interrelated variables that can substantially influence the quality and the efficiency of any underwritten commercial mortgage). It is important to note that there is no right or wrong way to negotiate the conditions of a commercial mortgage; however, it is crucial to opt for the repayment plan that best suits your business’ needs and your financial possibilities.
Commercial mortgage interest rates can be categorized in two distinctive groups, each having specific advantages and disadvantages: commercial fixed rates and commercial variable interest rates. Commercial fixed interest rates are ideal on the premises of continuously rising interest rates on the market; they are preferred by business owners who want to stabilize the monthly payment amount. By choosing a commercial fixed rate, one can also incur an “early redemption charge” (ERC), which basically acts like this: after the previously established fixed rate period of repayment has expired, the borrower benefits from an extended period of repayment, with the condition to pay a variable rate established by the lender from that point on. The ERC has been adopted by many categories of commercial loan providers, thus allowing borrowers to overcome any emerging financial problems during the period of repayment.
The commercial variable interest rate is primarily influenced by the changes in the base rate established by the Bank of England. This type of commercial interest rate also fluctuates according to the local market rates and other factors, and should be avoided in highly unstable markets. Before choosing commercial variable interest rates for your loan, it is crucial to do an extensive research of the market in order to efficiently forecast the short-term and long-term evolution of the market interest rates. If the market prediction is favorable and the interest rates are expected to drop significantly, then the variable interest rate is the indicated choice; otherwise, one should opt for the fixed interest rate.
The process of closing the right commercial mortgage deal has many subtleties and involves performing an entire series of specific tasks. In order to get the most out of a taken commercial mortgage and to overcome any impediments over the period of the loan, it is crucial to employ the services of a prominent, highly reputed commercial mortgage brokerage company.
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