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Is Terrorism a Part of Globalization?
Is Terrorism a Part of Globalization? In the world today, there is a growing trend in violence, both domestically and internationally, in the form of terrorism. It is present in our everyday lives and in every part of the world—some more than others. Terrorism takes on many forms and has had an impact on all our lives in one way or another. Whether it affected us directly with the loss of a loved one or an incident we were a part of, or indirectly by heightened security at the airports causing delays, sudden drop in a stock values we own, or emotionally by the countless reports and images displayed by the media, terrorism has affected us all and shows no signs of going away anytime soon.
The underlying question then, is what has caused the sudden trend in terrorism? Has it always been around but just not focused on by the media, or has something taken place on a global scale causing the sudden trend? There are many groups and a magnitude of theories on the sudden trend of terrorism.
Political scientists worldwide are at the forefront of this investigation. Amongst this group are many differing opinions and theories. One popular theory used to explain the sudden trend in terrorism is globalization.
There is another idea that there is an association between terrorism and globalization - groups which commit terrorism from areas where little globalization has occurred leading to a third association between terrorism and globalization, known as a “North-South” divide. The countries of the North (i.e. United States, Canada, and Europe) are more developed than those of the South (i.e. Africa, South America, India) and since 1980 the economic gap has spread apart tremendously during the accelerated globalization phase. As this gap has spread, westernization or forced norms have taken place. This is due to the fact that organizations, mostly commercial, have moved into these southern areas for production purposes.
Many poorer nations are now feeling the double punch of a slowing global economy and political unrest at home. They want rich nations to open their borders to exports of agricultural commodities, textiles and steel. But rich nations, including the United States, aren’t in any mood to do this - the best way to fight terrorism over the long term is to give young people in poorer nations a reason to believe they can make it in the new global economy.
Globalization is also creating enormous economic, political, and cultural losers who have some idea of how the winners are doing which creates more fertile ground for terrorism by exacerbating ethnic and cultural conflict.
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